Alopecia means “hair loss” and there are many types of this condition. The most common is androgenetic alopecia in men (male pattern baldness) and sometimes this can affect women. Alopecia can have severe effects on quality of life and emotional health through its impact on confidence and self-esteem. Information and support, however, can play a key role in long-term coping strategies.
The exact cause of alopecia areata (one type of alopecia) isn’t known, although it’s generally agreed it’s a disease of the immune system. In alopecia areata, your immune system attacks the affected hair follicles by mistake.
Most causes of non-androgenetic alopecia are reversible and temporary.